Unit 7 单元测试题 （满分100分） 姓名 得分 题 号 Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ Ⅵ Ⅶ Ⅷ 得分 Ⅰ．单项选择题(本大题共15小题，每小题1分，共15分) 题 号 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 答 案 1. —Henry s new house is about 300 square meters ________ size. —It s so large! A．in B．on C．at D．with 2. —Which country has the ________ population in the world? —China.It s a little ________ than that of India. A．most；most B．biggest；bigger C．more；most D．bigger；biggest 3. —China is over 5，000 years old.It s one of ________ countries in the world. —Yes.It has much ________ history than the USA. A．old；long B．older；longer C．older；the longest D．the oldest；longer 4. After lunch Sam ________ me to a game of tennis. A．finished B．challenged C．beat D．won 5. After such a long time，he succeeded ________his sister finally. A．finds B．find C．in finding D．to find 6. —Did you meet any problem during the climbing? —Yes.As you know，it s hard to ________air as you get near the top. A．take in B．take away C．fall over D．pick up 7. Peter is ________ boy in our class and he often helps us carry heavy things. A．strong B．stronger C．strongest D．the strongest 8. Daniel is ________ his twin brother.They are both 1.75 meters tall. A．taller than B．shorter than C．as tall as D．so tall as 9. —Do you know that China is one of ________ countries in the world? —Yes，I do.It s much ________ than the US. A．oldest；older B．the oldest；older C．the oldest；elder D．the older；elder 10. The sick man tried standing ________ his two legs but failed. A．on B．in C．with D．by 11. The earth is ________ the moon. A．as 49 times big as B．49 times as bigger as C．49 times as big as D．as big as 49 times 12. If we want to be thinner and healthier，we should eat ________ food and take ________ exercise. A．less；more B．more；less C．more；fewer D．fewer；more 13. Sam is doing some ________ about the ancient Silk Road. A．exercise B．operations C．research D．experiments 14. Her uncle came back to Canada to visit her grandparents from America ________． A．each two years B．every two years C．each two year D．every two year 15. —What happened to your little brother? —He ran too fast and ________. A．picked up B．fell over C．took in D．depended on Ⅱ．完形填空(10分) Probably you have seen photos of the Grand Canyon.But you must go there 1 to feel its size and beauty. The Grand Canyon is one of the greatest 2 wonders of the world. The Colorado River made the Grand Canyon over millions of years. Slowly，the river cut down 3 hard rocks.At the same time，the land was 4 ．Today the canyon is very 5 ．It s also very 6 ，about 20 kilometers. And 7 its height，there are different kinds of plants and animals on both sides of the canyon. The canyon looks different at different times of the day，and 8 different seasons and weather. At sunrise，the red，gold，brown and orange colors of the rocks are 9 clear and bright. Whether you see the Grand Canyon from the top or the bottom，it will be a(n) 10 that you will never forget. （ ）1. A．you B．your C．yours D．yourself （ ）2. A．natural B．modern C．ancient D．national （ ）3. A．along B．through C．across D．past （ ）4. A．rise B．rising C．rose D．risen （ ）5. A．more B．dangerous C．deep D．low （ ）6. A．long B．deep C．high D．wide （ ）7. A．as a result B．because of C．thanks to D．thanks for （ ）8. A．in B．on C．at D．for （ ）9. A．especially B．friendly C．hardly D．differently （ ）10. A．interview B．trip C．visit D．experience Ⅲ．阅读理解(30分) A Do you know what the world s highest waterfall is? You may say that they are Niagara Falls.Niagara Falls are really beautiful，but in terms of the height，the most fantastic one in the world are Angel Falls.They are deep in the jungles(丛林) of Venezuela. Few people have ever seen Angel Falls.It s very hard to get there.If you go there on foot，you have to travel for weeks through thick jungles.If you go by plane from Caracas，a city on the southern coast，it will take about four hours. One of the most interesting facts about Angel Falls is how they were found.They were named after an American pilot.His name was Jimmy Angel.In 1937，his plane crashed(坠毁) near the top of the falls.That s how he found them. Angel Falls drop nearly a kilometer from a table－top mountain.The water seems to be dropping straight out of the clouds.The height of the falls is very great.By the time the water reaches the ground it has already turned into fog(雾)． （ ）1. Niagara Falls are very _______ according to the passage. A．small B．big C．dangerous D．beautiful （ ）2. Few people have ever seen Angel Falls because _______. A．the tickets are very expensive B．it isn t easy to get there C．there aren t enough hotels to live in D．visitors can only get there on foot （ ）3. If you want to visit Angel Falls，you ll spend _______ getting there by air from Caracas. A．four hours B．forty hours C．several days D．several weeks （ ）4. Who found Angel Falls? A．A pilot from Caracas. B．A man in Venezuela. C．An American pilot. D．An American visitor. （ ）5. What is the best title for this passage? A．The Most Interesting Place B．How to Visit Angel Falls C．Who Found Angel Falls D．The World s Highest Waterfall B Now some animals are in great danger in the world. Snow leopards(雪豹) live in the cold mountains of Central Asia.They re from the cat family.A snow leopard is smaller than a lion or a tiger，but it s still a very large cat.An adult snow leopard is often more than two meters long.They like to live and look for food alone.Now some people kill snow leopards to get their beautiful fur(毛皮)． Tigers also come from the cat family.They feed on small animals such as deer and sheep.Tigers are in danger now，because some people cut down the forests and catch them.People kill tigers also for their beautiful fur.In 1939，there were about 30，000 tigers in India.But today there are only 3，000. Elephants live in big forests.An Asian elephant s ears are much smaller than an African elephant s.Elephants need lots of places to live in and to find food.There are only less than 3，000 Ceylon elephants(a kind of Asian elephant) in the world now. European otters(水獭) live in the rivers around Europe.They have soft and brown fur on their bodies.Usually a European otter is about 75 cm long.It has small and round ears.Today some people kill the animals for their fur. （ ）6. Which of the following animals come from the cat family? A．Snow leopards and European otters. B．Snow leopards and tigers. C．Tigers and European otters. D．Elephants and snow leopards. （ ）7. What do people kill snow leopards，tigers or European otters for? A．Eating them. B．Getting more places. C．Getting their fur. D．Feeling happy. （ ）8. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A．Today there are only 300 tigers in India. B．There are only 3，000 Ceylon elephants in the world now. C．A snow leopard likes to live and look for food with others. D．An African elephant has bigger ears than an Asian elephant. （ ）9. How many kinds of animals are mainly talked about in the passage? A．Two. B．Three. C．Four. D．Five. （ ）10. What is the main idea of this passage? A．Some animals are in danger. B．Let s protect animals. C．People are killing animals. D．Why do people kill animals? C The 2014 World Cup was held in Brazil. Do you have a plan to visit Rio de Janeiro(里约热内卢), one of the host cities? Rio is the second largest city of Brazil and the third largest city in South America. It is in the southeast of Brazil. The city covers the area of about 1,182 square kilometers. There are about 6.3 million people living in the city. Rio is one of the most popular touristy places in the world. Its world-famous sights include Corcovado Mountain, Sugarloaf Mountain and long beaches. The famous statue of Christ the Redeemer(耶稣像) is on the top of Corcovado Mountain. It is the symbol of Rio. The city of Rio receives more than 2.82 million international tourists a year. People in Brazil are crazy about sports. Football is the nation s most popular sport. The national football team of Brazil is one of the best in the world. It has won the World Cup five times. This year, it is the second time for Brazil to host the World Cup. As one of the host cities of the game, Rio has the largest football stadium(体育场) in the world. Besides, in 2016, Rio will host the Summer Olympics. It is the first time for a South American city to host the games. Rio Carnival(狂欢节) is the biggest carnival in the world. It usually takes place in February or March each year. During the festival, people dance and sing in the streets. The most famous dance is the samba(桑巴). It is the happiest time of the year. Rio is an important city in Brazil. It is the Center of culture and many other fields. The city has several important universities. And it has the largest library in the world. Rio is a really interesting city. Why not visit the city and have fun? （ ）11. Which map shows the right position(位置) of Rio? （ ）12. Which is TRUE about Rio? A. It s the largest city in Brazil. B. The population of Rio is about 2.82 million. C. It s the only city to host the 2014 World Cup. D. It will be the first city to host the Summer Olympics in South America. （ ）13. What can we do in Rio according to the passage? A. Feel people s love for basketball. B. Take part in Rio Carnival in summer. C. Enjoy the sights of two world-famous mountains. D. Visit the largest university and library in the world. （ ）14. Which is the best title of the passage? A. The Size of Rio B. My Trip to Rio C. Rio is Calling D. The History of Brazil Ⅳ．根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词(5分) 1．India has the second biggest p (人口) of all the countries. 2．We try to celebrate the a (成就) of those great scientists. 3．He wanted to reach the top of the mountain and he s (成功) in the end. 4．It is up to the weather c (状况) to decide if we can go out for a trip. 5．The Chinese g (政府) is trying to help save endangered animals. Ⅴ．用所给单词的适当形式完成句子 (5分) 1．Every year，thousands of (tour) come to visit the Fenghuang Ancient Town. 2．Do the Himalayas run along the (southwest) part of China? 3．I d like to spend some time enjoying the (nature) world. 4．Peter said with (excite)，“Mom，I got the first prize in the English competition this time.” 5．What are your rules on tiger (protect)? Ⅵ．根据汉语意思完成句子，每空一词 (10分) 1．据我所知，他喜欢下棋。 ________ ________ ________ I know，he likes playing chess. 2．通过努力学习，我们可以实现自己的梦想。 We can ________ ________ ________ by working hard. 3．一只成年熊猫比它的幼崽多吃许多倍的食物。 An ________ panda eats ________ ________ more than its baby panda. 4．大象的体重是马的许多倍。 An elephant weighs many ________ ________ ________ a horse. 5．请随意问我问题。 Please ________ ________ ________ me questions. Ⅶ．选择适当的句子补全下列对话，有两项多余(5分) A： 1 B：It s about 440，000m2. A： 2 B：Yes.In the past it was called the Forbidden City. Now people call it Gugong. 4 A：Is it large? B： 4 A：Who asked people to build it? B：Some emperors. A： 5 B：They started to build it in 1406.And they finished building it in 1420. A：It took fourteen years. It must be amazing. A．How large is Tian anmen Square? B．Yes，it s about 720，000 m2. C．Are we going there? D．Is the Forbidden City next to Tian anmen Square? E．Why did they build it? F．It s one of the most famous places in the world. G．When did they build it? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Ⅷ．书面表达(20分) 你听说过某些濒临灭绝的动物吗？请以Why should we protect wildlife animals 为题，用英语写一篇短文，说明为什么要?；ひ吧?。词数为80 词左右。 写作提示：1. 为什么有些野生动物处于危险之中； 2. 为什么?；ひ吧锖苤匾?； 3. 我们应该采取什么措施来?；ひ吧?。 提示词语： wildlife(野生的) ，endangered，tiger，panda，destroy(破坏) ，fur，take measures(采取措施) ，plant，tree，build a birdhouse __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 人教版新目标八年级英语下册 Unit 7 单元提优测试题 参 考 答 案 Ⅰ．单项选择题(本大题共15小题，每小题1分，共15分) 题 号 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 答 案 A B D B C A D C B A C A C B B Ⅱ．完形填空(10分) 1～5 DABBC 6～10 DBAAD Ⅲ．阅读理解(30分) 1～5 DBACD 6～10 BCDCA 11～15 ADCC Ⅳ．根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词(5分) 1. population 2. achievements 3. succeeded 4. condition 5. government Ⅴ．用所给单词的适当形式完成句子 (5分) 1. tourists 2. southwestern 3. natural 4. excitement 5. protection Ⅵ．根据汉语意思完成句子，每空一词 (10分) 1. As far as 2. achieve our dreams 3. adult many times 4. times more than 5. feel free to ask Ⅶ．选择适当的句子补全下列对话，有两项多余(5分) 1～5 ADFBG Ⅷ．书面表达(20分) Why should we protect wildlife animals Do you know of any endangered animals Why are they in danger I think there are many endangered animals in the world, such as tigers and pandas. When farmers cut down trees, tigers can no longer hide and hunt. Many tigers are killed by people who want to sell their fur for money. And there are few places where pandas can live. We are not alone in the world. We human beings could not live without all the plants and animals around us. So protecting wildlife animals are very important. We must take measures to keep plants from being destroyed and stop animals from being killed. If each of us can plant a tree and build a birdhouse, the world will be more beautiful. It is very easy but useful.