Unit 1 Getting along with others Ⅰ.写作单词——会拼写 1．pretendvi.& vt.假装；装扮，扮作 2．beg vt.& vi.请求，恳求；乞讨 3．focus n.焦点；重点 vi.& vt.集中注意力于……；(使)聚焦 4．remark n．& vi.评论，谈论 5．quarrel n．& vi.争吵，争执 6．blame vt.责备，指责 n.(坏事或错事的)责任；责备，指责 7．overcome vt.克服，解决 8．attitude n.态度，看法 9．eager adj.热切的，急不可待的 10．admit vt. & vi.承认；允许进入，接纳 →admission n.承认；进入；许可 11．forgive vt.原谅，宽恕 →forgiveness n.原谅，宽恕 12．manner n.方式；态度，举止 →manners n.礼貌 13．argue vi.争吵，争论 →argument n.争辩，争论 14．apologize vi.道歉 →apology n.道歉 15．disagree vi.不同意，有分歧 →disagreement n.分歧，争论，意见不一 16．amuse vt.娱乐，消遣，使发笑 →amusement n.娱乐，消遣 →amusing adj.好笑的，有趣的 →amused adj.高兴的 17．mercy n.宽??；仁慈 →merciful adj.仁慈的；宽容的 18．respond vi.做出反应，回应 →response n.回答；反应 19．dislike vt.不喜欢，厌恶 →like vt.喜欢 20．rely vi.依靠，依赖 →reliable adj.可靠的，可依赖的 Ⅱ.阅读单词——要识记 21．sincerely adv.真诚地 22．sensitive adj.易生气的；敏感的；体贴的 23．topic n.话题 24．adolescent adj.青春期的 n.青少年 25. committed adj.尽心尽力的；坚信的；坚定的 高频短语——会默写 1．keep pace with (与……)步调一致，(与……)同步 2．before long 不久，很快 3．get through (用电话)接通 4．be based on 以……为根据，以……为基础 5．regardless of 不管，不顾 6．end up 最后成为；最终处于 7．rely on 依靠，依赖 8．thanks to 幸亏；由于 9．in one s opinion 在某人看来 10．feel like doing 想要做…… 11．in conclusion 总之 12．spy on 暗中监视，窥探 教材原句——会背诵 句式仿写——能应用 1.I don t think I can ever truly forgive her. (I don t think/believe.为否定转移结构) 1.我不相信这么小的孩子能在那么短的时间内完成这项任务。I that such little children can finish this task in such a short time. 2.Football is very important to me，but so is our friendship. (so＋系动词/助动词/情态动词＋主语(表示前面肯定的情况也适用于后面的人或物) 2.玛丽喜欢弹钢琴，简也是。 Mary likes playing the piano and . 3.Yesterday，I saw him talking to another boy，Peter，and I cannot help wondering if he wants Peter to be his best friend instead of me.(cannot help doing sth.“情不自禁做某事”) 3.看到那个场景，我禁不住想起我幸福的童年。 Seeing the scene I my happy childhood. 【答案】 1.don t believe 2.so does Jane 3.can t help thinking of 精讲7个考纲单词 pretend vi.&vt.假装；装扮，扮作 [教材原句] Afterwards，I pretended to be cheerful，but Hannah sensed something was wrong. 后来，我假装很开心，但汉娜还是觉察到哪儿有点不对劲。 (1)pretend (2)pretend (that)．假装…… ①I pretend that things are really okay when they re not.当情况不好的时候我假装一切顺利。 ②She would open a book，pretending to read(read)，with tears dropping on the open page. 她打开一本书，假装看书，泪水滴在打开的页面上。 ③He pretended to be looking (look) for something when I came in.我进来时他假装在找东西。 admit vt.& vi.承认，供认；接纳，容纳；招收 [经典例句] You may not like her，but you have to admit that she s good at her job.你也许不喜欢她，但你必须承认她胜任工作。(朗文辞典) (1)admit (doing/having done) sth. 承认(做过)某事 admit (to sb.) that. (向某人)承认…… admit sb./sth.to be承认某人/某物是…… (2)admit sb.to/into.准许某人进入(或加入)…… be admitted to/into.被允许进入/接受…… be admitted as作为……被接受 ①Only athletes reaching the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. 只有达到各自体育项目统一标准的运动员才会被接受成为参赛者。 ②Catherine admitted having known (know) me ten years before.凯瑟琳承认十年前就认识我。 ③She is said to have been admitted to/into Beijing University.据说她已经被北京大学录取了。 【导学号：92872068】 [链接写作] 一句多译 你应当有勇气承认错误。 ①You should have the courage to admit your mistakes. ②You should have the courage to admit your making mistakes． ③You should have the courage to admit that you made mistakes． focus vi.&vt.集中注意力于……；(使)聚焦 n．焦点；重点 [教材原句] The other team was superb and we really had to focus. 我们的对手很厉害，我们必须得集中精力。 (1)focus on集中于；重点在 focus one s eyes/attention/mind on. 把视线/注意力/心思集中到……上 (2)bring sth.into focus 使某事物成为焦点 the focus of.……的焦点 ①When everyone else in the class was focusing on tasks，I could not. 当班里其他人都在专心学习时，我不能。 ②With so many people focusing (focus) their eyes on him，he felt very nervous. 有那么多人在盯着自己，他感到很紧张。 [链接写作] 一句多译 他集中精力学习。 【导学号：92872069】 ① (focus) 【答案】 He focused his attention on his study. ② (fix) 【答案】 He fixed his attention on his study. ③ (absorb) 【答案】 He was absorbed in his study. ④ (apply) 【答案】 He applied himself to his study. ⑤ (concentrate) 【答案】 He concentrated his attention on his study. argue vi.争吵，争论 vt. 主张；说服 [教材原句] Since we argued，he hasn t spoken to me even though we sit next to each other in class. 自从我们争吵后，尽管我们在课堂上挨着坐，他也不和我说话。 (1)argument n．争辩；争论 (2)argue with sb.about/over sth.与某人就某事争辩 argue for/against.赞成/反对…… argue that.(should) do.认为；主张…… argue sb.into/out of doing sth.说服某人做/不做某事 ① We argued with the waiter about/over the price of the meal. 我们因为饭菜的价格问题和服务员争论起来了。 ②To my comfort，I argued him into accepting (accept) my proposal. 令我欣慰的是，我说服他接受了我的提议。 [语境助记] The workers，who argued for their own rights，argued with the boss for a few days，but failed to argue him into giving them a rise in wages. 那些为自身权利而辩解的工人们与老板争辩了好几天，可最后还是未能说服老板给他们加薪。 apologize vi.道歉 [教材原句] The things he said hurt me too，but he has not apologized to me. 他说的话也伤害了我，可他没有向我道歉。 (1)apology n．道歉 Make an apology to sb.for sth.因某事向某人道歉 owe sb.an apology应向某人道歉 (2)apologize to sb.for (doing) sth.因(做)某事向某人道歉 ①You shouldn t have been so rude to Mary，to whom you should make an apology，I think. 你不该对玛丽如此粗鲁，我认为你应就此向她道歉。 ②She apologized to me for not replying (reply) to my letter in time. 她因为没及时给我回信而向我表示歉意。 blame vt.责备，指责；把……归咎于n.(坏事或错事的)责任；责备，指责 [教材原句] While it may feel horrible，if she really is your best friend you should apologize for blaming her. 尽管你会觉得难受，但如果她真的是你最好的朋友你应该向她道歉，因为你指责了她。 (1)blame sb.for sth./doing sth.为某事责备某人/责备某人做了某事 blame sth.on sb.把某事归咎于某人 be to blame (for)应(为……)承担责任； 该(为……)受责备 (2)accept/bear/take the blame for sth.对某事负责任 put/lay the blame for sth.on.将某事归咎于…… ①I think most accidents are blamed on poor maintenance and human error. 我想大多数事故都是由于保养不善和人为错误。 ②I am not to blame (blame) for my laziness，mum. 妈妈，你不该责备我懒惰。 ③I am ready to take the blame for the mistake. 我准备为这一错误承担责任。 [链接写作] 一句多译 他把考试失败归咎于老师。 ① (blame.on) 【答案】 He blamed the failure of his exam on the teacher. ② (blame.for) 【答案】 He blamed the teacher for the failure of his exam. ③ (blame n．) 【答案】 He put/laid the blame for the failure of his exam on the teacher. respond vi.做出反应，回应vt. & vi.回答 [经典例句] He responded that he would be pleased to attend.(朗文辞典) 他回答说他很高兴出席。 (1)response n．回应，反应，回答 In response to对……做出反应 make a response to对……做出回答/应 (2)respond to答复……；对……做出反应 ①Receiving a text does not mean you need to respond to it.收到信息并不意味着你需要答复它。 ②In response (respond) to the audience s great demand，the play will/would be put on in the theatre twice a week.应观众的强烈要求，这部戏将会在这个剧院每周上演两次。 【导学号：92872070】 诠释4个核心短语 get through (用电话)接通；通过(考试、议案等)；做完，完成；到达；用完，花光 [一词多义] 写出句中get through的含义 ①I ve been trying to phone Charles all evening，but there must be something wrong with the network；I can t seem to get through.接通 ②This will give you the confidence you need to get you through the afternoon and go home feeling accomplished. (2016年全国甲卷·语法填空) 度过 ③I am glad to hear that she got through the exam，which she had been preparing for a long time.通过 ④We got through all our usual Friday job list with his help ahead of time.完成 ⑤Let me use your typewriter when you get through with it.用完 ⑥I ll telephone you when I get through with this pile of papers.处理 go through经历，经受；仔细查看；完成 look through浏览；翻阅 see through看穿，识破 break through突破(障碍) ⑦It s easy for me to see through his trick. 我很容易看穿他的鬼把戏。 ⑧I always start the day by going through my mail. 我每天总是先看邮件。 regardless of 不管，不顾 [教材原句] The qualities that boys and girls consider important in a friend seem to be the same，regardless of the basis of these friendships. 无论男孩和女孩友谊的基础是什么，他们所看重的朋友身上的品质似乎是一样的。 in spite of＝despite 尽管，虽然 ①In spite of (＝Despite) repeated wrongs done to him，he looks friendly to people greeting him. 尽管不断被冤枉，他看上去对和他打招呼的人依然友好。 [名师点津] regardless of，in spite of，despite后接名词、代词或动名词。 ②Regardless of being (be) badly hurt，the old lady looked up at Tenyson with love in her eyes and gave him a little smile. 不顾严重的伤势，这个老妇人眼里充满爱意地抬头看着坦尼森，并朝他微笑了一下。 end up 最后成为；最终处于 [教材原句] I ended up returning to the train station and spending the rest of the day in the waiting room.最终我回到火车站，在候车室里过完了这一天。 end up＋adj./v.-ing最后/最终…… end up as.最终成为/变成…… end up with以……结束(后接表具体事物的名词) end up in以……结束(后接表抽象概念的名词) ①You help organize sports activities and other outdoor pursuits and you could end up with a qualification as an instructor.你帮助组织体育活动和其他户外活动，你可能有资格作为一个教练。 ②You could end up running (run) this company if you play your cards right. 你要是处理得当，最终这个公司能归你掌管。 ③His last attempt at directing a movie ended up in failure.他最后一次导演电影的尝试以失败告终。 rely on 依靠，依赖；信任 [教材原句] Friendship means having someone I can rely on. 友谊意味着我能有一个可信赖的人。 rely on/upon one s doing sth./rely on/upon sb.to do sth. 指望/信任某人做某事 rely on/upon it that.相信…… rely on/upon sb./sth.for.依靠某人/某物得到…… ①You can never rely on a disabled woman to do all the housework for you. 你不能指望一个残疾的妇女替你做所有的家务。 ②You may rely on it that he will try his best to achieve his goal. 你可以相信他会尽最大努力实现自己的目标的。 [名师点津] 与rely on意义和用法相同的短语还有：depend on，count on。 突破2个高考句型 (教材P2)I don t think I can ever truly forgive her.我认为我永远不会真正地原谅她。 本句采用了否定转移结构。 否定转移是指把对宾语从句的否定转移到主句谓语动词上，需要注意的是： (1)主语是第一人称I或we (2) 主句谓语是一般现在时 (3)谓语动词应是think，believe，suppose，guess，imagine等 (4)否定转移结构变成反意疑问句时，附加问句部分一般与从句一致 ①I don t believe we ve met before，although I must say you do look familiar.我相信我们以前没见过面，但我必须说，你看起来的确很熟悉。 ②I don t suppose that it is true，is it? 我认为那不是真的，是吗？ 【导学号：92872071】 (教材P3)Yesterday，I saw him talking to another boy，Peter，and I cannot help wondering if he wants Peter to be his best friend instead of me.昨天，我看见他和另一个男孩彼得说话，我忍不住想他是不是想让彼得取代我做他最好的朋友。 本句中cannot help doing sth.表示“忍不住做某事，无法控制做某事”。 can t help doing.情不自禁做……，忍不住做…… can t help/choose but do.不得不做…… can t help (to) do.不能帮忙做…… help oneself to.自用/自取所需(食物等) help out帮助解决难题 ①Hearing the news，they can t help jumping for joy. 他们听到这消息时禁不住欢跳起来。 ②I was so busy with my homework that I could not help to share (share) the housework. 我的功课如此多以至于我无法帮助分摊家务。 ③All these presents came to more money than I had，and my mother had to help me out. 我的钱不够买这些礼物，我母亲只好借给了我一些钱。 [多角快练]——练单词 练短语 练句型—————————————— 基础考点全面练 Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1．As we all know，he is sensitive criticism from other people. 2．The students listened to the teacher carefully with their eyes (focus) on the blackboard. 3．The media often make (remark) on the private life of popular stars. 4．From the looks on their faces，I believed that they had had an (argue)． 5．I (sincere) express my regret again about the inconvenience caused by us. 6．Relying on our own efforts，we (overcome) all the difficulties we met with. 7．Whenever she sang a song with her beautiful voice，everyone (envy) her. 8．She tried to seem angry，but she (betray) herself by smiling. 【导学号：92872072】 9．You should make apology to her for your hurting her. 10．To everyone s (amuse)，someone hid his clothes while he was swimming. 【答案】 1.to 2.focused 3.remarks 4.arguement 5.sincerely 6.overcame 7.envied 8.betrayed 9.an 10.amusement Ⅱ.单句改错 1．All material I gave you is basing on the readings and class discussion. 【导学号：92872073】 2．You may rely on that she will apologize to you. 3．She had been lying to her mother，pretended that everything was fine to her. 4．It s human that everyone is eager of success. 5．I thought that she must have told the truth to other people after promising not. 6．Organize the English speech competition will be a lot of work，so I need some volunteers to help out. 【答案】 1.basing改为based 2.that前加it 3.pretended改为pretending 4.of改为for 5.not后加to 6.Organize改为Organizing 重难考点多维练 end up全面练 (1)单句语法填空 ①The party ended up a beautiful song. ②Our game always ends up a quarrel. ③After several years of hard work，she ended up a successful writer. (2) 完成句子 ④如果你不听我的建议，你最终会失败的。 You ll if you don t follow my advice. 【导学号：92872074】 ⑤最初他拒不承认有任何责任，到头来还是道了歉。 At first he refused to accept any responsibility but he ． 【答案】 ①with ②in ③as ④end up in failure ⑤ended up apologizing Ⅰ.课文语法填空 根据P3教材原文内容，在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A friendship in trouble In Andrew s letter，he said he and his 1. (good) friend Matthew were in the school football team.Last week they played 2. another school.The other team was superb and they really had 3. (focus)．In the match Matthew couldn t keep pace with the game，4. they were defeated.5. this reason，Andrew got angry with him and said that he had not tried hard enough.Matthew got 6. (annoy)，saying it wasn t his fault and 7. Andrew shouldn t talk to him that way. They 8. (quarrel)and it turned into a horrible 9. (argue)at last.Because Andrew disliked seeing his team lost，he made some cruel remarks.Since they argued，they 10. (stop) talking to each other.Andrew felt awkward. 【答案】 1.best 2.against 3.to focus 4.so 5.For 6.annoyed 7.that 8.quarrelled 9.argument 10.had stopped 【导学号：92872075】 Ⅱ.课文短文改错 根据P18课文内容，对下面材料进行修改。文中共有10处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 Boys and girls have different attitude towards friendship.Friendships between girls are usually anchored in shared feelings and support，but friendships between boys are basing on shared activities and interests.A boy is likely to be cautious about sharing about his feelings with his close friends.A girl s closest friend，therefore，might be eager to tell her about something which has happened in her life.Many studies worldwide show that girls have many friendships than boys. We have to realize：boys share activities，when girls share feelings.The qualities that boys and girls consider important in a friend seem to be same，regardless of the basis of these friendships.The important thing to remember is that all of them are friendships.We all need friends in our lives. 【答案】 第一句：attitude改为attitudes 第二句：basing改为based；interests前的and改为or 第三句：第二个about去掉 第四句：therefore改为however；which改为that 第五句：many改为more 第六句：when改为while 第七句：same前加the 第八句：all改为both Ⅲ.高考话题微写作 根据提示，运用本单元所学知识完成下面小作文并背诵范文。 1. 汤姆说话不算数。他和同学相处得不好。(keep one s word) 2．当他犯了错误或与别人争吵时，他总是责备他人，并且从不道歉。(blame，apologize) 3．汤姆很是苦恼。马克决定帮助他。(be determined to) 4．他多次和汤姆面对面交谈。同学们渐渐地原谅了他。(face to face，forgive) 5．现在汤姆交了很多朋友，朋友们也信任他。(rely on) 6．懂得如何与他人相处和保持友谊是一门艺术。(get on with) 【参考范文】 Tom didn t keep his word.This was the reason why he couldn t get along well with his classmates.When he made a mistake or quarrelled with someone else，he always blamed others and never apologized to them.Just because of this，Tom felt very upset.So Mark was determined to help him and talked to him face to face many times.Little by little，his classmates forgave him.Now Tom has made many friends who rely on him.As far as I know，it s an art to know how to get on with others and keep friendship.