词类复习（1） 语法知识精练 I．单句填空 1.【2017·全国卷Ⅲ】She looks like any other schoolgirl, fresh-faced and full of life. Sarah Thomas is looking forward to the challenge of her new A-level course. But unlike her school friends, 16-year-old Sarah is not spending half-term resting. Instead, she is earning ￡6，500 a day as 62.________ model in New York. 2.[2017·浙江卷6月考]For Pahlsson, its return was 65.________ wonder. 3.[2017·全国卷Ⅱ]In 1863 the first underground passenger railway in the world opened in London. It ran for just under seven kilometres and allowed people to avoid terrible crowds on the roads above as they travelled to and 62.________ work. It took three years to complete and was built using an interesting method. 4.[2017·全国卷Ⅲ]After school she plans to take a year off to model full-time before going to university to get a degree 68.________ engineering or architecture. 5．(2016·全国Ⅰ)In still another use，persons in Asian cultures may view silence as________ sign of respect，particularly to an elder or a person in authority. 6．(2016·全国Ⅰ)In ________ 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough or fast enough to prove we could do it on our own. 7．(2016·浙江高考)In many ways，the education system in the US is not very different from ________ in the UK. 8．(2016·浙江高考)My mother and father were united in their way of raising children，but it mostly fell to my mother to actually carry ________ out. 9．(2016· 天津高考)I hate ________ when she calls me at work—I’m always too busy to carry on a conversation with her. 10．(2016·浙江高考)—Are you sure you’re ready for the test? —No problem.I’m well prepared ________ it. 11．(2016·浙江高考)That young man is honest，cooperative，always there when you need his help.________ short，he’s reliable. 12．(2016·浙江高考)The study suggests that the cultures we grow up ________ influence the basic processes by which we see the world around us. 13．(2016·四川高考)It was time for her to have a new baby，________ __it was also time for the young panda to be independent. 14．(2016·全国Ⅰ)You probably know who Marie Curie was，________ you may not have heard of Rachel Carson. 7．that [句意：在很多方面，美国的教育体系和英国的教育体系不是很不相同。指代上文的名词education system，用that，而且后面有介词短语作后置定语。] 8．it [句意：我的父母在抚养孩子的方式上是一致的，但在切实执行时大部分还是落在了我妈妈身上。it代指上文提到的their way of raising children。] 9．it [句意：我讨厌她在上班的时候给我打电话。我总是太忙了不能和她进行谈话。it 作形式宾语，代指when引导的从句。] 10．for [句意：——你确定你准备好考试了吗？——没问题。我已经做好准备了。 be prepared for 为……做好了准备。] 11．in [句意：这个年轻人是诚实的，有合作精神的，当你需要他的帮助的时候，总是在那里。简言之，他是可靠的。in short简言之。] 12．in [句意：研究表明我们成长的文化影响了我们看周围世界的基本过程。the cultures后面是定语从句，省略了which，定语从句中cultures作宾语，那么还缺少一个介词，和cultures搭配用介词in。] 13．and 14.but II．语法填空（语篇填空） 【黑龙江省双鸭山市第一中学2018届高三9月（第一次）月考】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容（1个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 In Hangzhou, borrowing books from the library is now as simple as shopping online: click, pay____1____ wait for delivery. The city’s public library recently launched a program on WeChat, ____2____ popular Chinese messaging software, enabling its readers to check out books online and get them ____3____(deliver) to their homes at low prices. To enjoy the “Hangzhou enjoyable reading” service, one first needs to follow the library’s official WeChat account, ___4___ provides a list of books. After picking books, borrowers are required____5____ (present) the information such as their library membership cards, cell phone numbers and so on. The selected items will be delivered by express within three days after payments. Each reader can borrow up to 5 books once and 20 books at most ____6____ total. The books can be borrowed for up to 40 days. Readers now can borrow the library’s most popular books in this way. The online books will be renewed and enriched ______7______ (gradual) according to readers’ borrowing habits and____8____ (prefer). At the end of December, the library’s old and classic books _____9_____(put) online too, making the total number of books available and ______10______(bring )borrowers a lot of convenience. 【答案】1. and 2. a 3. delivered 4. which 5. to present 6. in 7. gradually 8. preferences 9. will be put 10. bringing 3. delivered 考查过去分词。此处them指books，与动词deliver是被动关系用过去分词，指书被递送，故填delivered. 4. which 考查关系代词。句中包含定语从句，先行词是the library’s official WeChat account指物，在定语从句中做主语，且此处是非限制性定语从句用which引导，故填which. 5. to present 考查动词不定式。require sb.to do sth.“要求某人做某事”，用动词不定式，此处指借书者被要求提供个人信息，故填to present. 6. in 考查固定短语。in total“总计”是固定短语，故填in. 7. gradually 考查副词。此处修饰动词renewed and enriched用副词，指慢慢更新和充实，故填gradually.