Unit 4 Body language Ⅰ.阅读理解 (2017·重庆市一中月考) Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! It is said that our body movements communicate about 50 percent of what we really mean while words only express 7 percent. So, while your mouth is closed, your body is just saying. Arms. How you hold your arms shows how open and receptive you are to people you meet. If you keep your arms to the sides of your body or behind your back, this suggests you are not afraid of taking on whatever comes your way. Outgoing people generally use their arms with big movements, while quieter people keep them close to their bodies. If someone upsets you, just cross your arms to show you re unhappy. Head. When you want to appear confident, keep your head level. If you are a monitor in class, you can also take on this position when you want your words to be taken seriously. However, to be friendly in listening or speaking, you must move your head a little. Legs. Your legs tend to move around a lot more than normal when you are nervous or telling lies. If you are at interviews, try to keep them still. Posture (姿势)．A good posture makes you feel better about yourself. If you are feeling down you normally don t sit straight, with your shoulders inwards. This makes breathing more difficult, which can make you feel nervous or uncomfortable. Mouth. When you are thinking, you often purse your lips. You might also use this position to hold back an angry comment you don t wish to show. However, it will probably still be noticed, and people will know you re not pleased. Face.When you lie, you might put on a false face. But that expression would crack briefly, allowing displays of true emotions such as happiness, sadness, disgust(厌恶)and fear to come through. 1．When someone is keeping his arms behind his back, he tries to tell you that ________. A．he is not afraid B．he is outgoing C．he is angryD．he is cool 2．If you want to appear confident, you should ________. A．move your arms a lot B．cross your arms C．move your head a little D．keep your head level 3．Which of the following can be the best title of the passage? A．Body language, the most commonly used language. B．Body movements give away secrets of mind. C．Arms tell more than legs. D．Facial expressions tell the truth. 答案与解析 本文是一篇说明文。本文主要介绍了某些肢体动作所表达的隐含含义。 1．A 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“If you keep your arms to the sides of your body or behind your back, this suggests you are not afraid of taking on whatever comes your way”可知，如果一个人将双臂放于背后，那就表明他毫不畏惧。故选A。 2．D 细节理解题。根据第三段中的“When you want to appear confident, keep your head level”可知，如果你想表现得有自信，那你应该将头部保持水平方向。故选D。 3．B 标题概括题。根据全文内容可判断出，本文主要介绍的是某些肢体动作所表达的隐含含义。B项意为“肢体移动泄露了脑子里的秘密”，体现了本文的核心，适合用作标题。故选B。 Ⅱ.完形填空 (2017·湖南省益阳市模拟) On a cold winter morning, an old man sat awkwardly(笨拙地) against a wall at Sydney s Circular Quay station. I glanced for a moment but __1__ him and walked on to my office as I __2__ he was a derelict (流浪汉)． On my way back that afternoon, in the __3__ place I saw an ambulance and the man was being __4__ by two nurses. He wasn t a derelict but a worker, who __5__ fell ill on his way to work. Shame shocked me when I realized that sick, old man had put up with the __6__ of the entire day. He probably reached out to passers-by for __7__. No one stopped. No one __8__. A different season and I again __9__ an old man half lying on the footpath. Caught up in the __10__ rush of people commuting (乘车上下班), I would have __11__ him quickly as I had done before. However, the __12__ of the old Winter Man forced me to walk to the man on the ground, who was dressed in smart clothes but lifeless, and __13__ down to ask if he was OK. He __14__ consciousness again, and told me he was diabetic (糖尿病) and __15__ me to call an ambulance for him, which I did. Very weak, he said to me, in a __16__， “Nobody stopped. Thank you.” I looked into his eyes for a moment in __17__， but much was spoken without a word being said. As the __18__ ambulance siren(警笛声) announced the arrival of help, a number of __19__ rushed at me: sadness for the Winter Man and __20__ that I didn t walk past another person in need. I was amazed that it had been so easy to be helpful. 1．A.ignored B．remembered C．comforted D．understood 2．A.announced B．proved C．expected D．thought 3．A.firstB．next C．public D．same 4．A.watchedB．attended C．supported D．improved 5．A.nearlyB．finally C．suddenly D．immediately 6．A.violenceB．coldness C．tiredness D．anger 7．A.safety B．money C．help D．attention 8．A.servedB．liked C．knew D．cared 9．A.came acrossB．gave up C．looked for D．focused on 10．A.frequentB．great C．usual D．gradual 11．A.greetedB．found C．followed D．passed 12．A.guidanceB．memory C．impression D．comment 13．A.lie B．bend C．hold D．look 14．A.gainedB．returned C．offered D．received 15．A.forced B．allowed C．encouraged D．asked 16．A.lossB．hurry C．whisper D．panic 17．A.surprise B．excitement C．silence D．pain 18．A.movingB．approaching C．dropping D．calming 19．A.emotions B．dreams C．plans D．opinions 20．A.relief B．shock C．luck D．regret 答案与解析 本文讲述“我”两次遇到求助老人的不同态度。 1．A 考查动词。A.ignored忽视；B.remembered 记得；C.comforted使舒适；D.understood理解。我瞥了他一眼，但是忽视他。故选A。 2．D 考查动词。A.announced宣布；B.proved证明；C.expected期盼，预测；D.thought想，认为。我认为他是一个流浪汉。故选D。 3．D 考查形容词。A.first第一；B.next下一个；C.public公共的；D.same相同的。在回家的路上，在同一个地方我看见一辆救护车。故选D。 4．B 考查动词。A.watched观看；B.attended照顾，参加；C.supported支持；D.improved提高，改善。这个人被两名护士照顾。故选B。 5．C 考查副词。A.nearly几乎，差不多；B.finally最后；C.suddenly突然；D.immediately立刻，马上。他不是一个流浪汉，而是一名工人，在上班的路上，突然生病。故选C。 6．B 考查名词。A.violence暴力；B.coldness冷淡；C.tiredness疲劳；D.anger生气。当我意识到那个生病的老人忍受全天的冷漠时，使我羞愧震惊。故选B。 7．C 考查名词。A.safety安全；B.money钱；C.help帮助；D.attention注意。他很可能向路人求助。故选C。 8．D 考查动词。A.served服务；B.liked喜欢；C.knew知道；D.cared关心。没人停下来，没人关心。故选D。 9．A 考查动词词组。A.came across偶遇；B.gave up放弃；C.looked for寻找；D.focused on集中在。一个不同的季节，我又偶遇一个中途躺在小路上的老人。故选A。 10．C 考查形容词。A.frequent频繁的；B.great伟大的；C.usual通常的；D.gradual渐渐的。正赶上上下班的高峰期，如果按以前，我会很快地走过。故选C。 11．D 考查动词。A.greeted问候；B.found发现；C.followed跟随；D.passed经过。如果按以前，我会很快地走过。故选D。 12．B 考查名词。A.guidance指导；B.memory记忆；C.impression 印象；D.comment评论，批评。然而，上次冬天那个老人的记忆驱使着我向躺在地上的老人走去。故选B。 13．B 考查动词。A.lie躺；B.bend使弯曲；C.hold持有，拥有；D.look看。这个老人穿着时尚但是死气沉沉，我弯下腰问他情况怎样。故选B。 14．A 考查动词。A.gained获得；B.returned返回，归还；C.offered提供；D.received收到。他又有了意识。故选A。 15．D 考查动词。A.forced强迫；B.allowed允许；C.encouraged鼓励；D.asked问。他又有了意识，请求我给他叫一辆救护车。故选D。 16．C 考查名词。A.loss损失；B.hurry匆忙；C.whisper低语；D.panic惊慌。根据前面的Very weak非常弱，可知说话声音很低。故选C。 17．C 考查名词。A.surprise惊讶；B.excitement兴奋；C.silence沉默；D.pain疼痛。我看着他的眼沉默了一会儿。故选C。 18．B 考查非谓语动词。A.moving移动；B.approaching靠近；C.dropping使落下；D.calming使冷静。当救护车的笛声靠近，表明救助到达时，大量的情感向我涌来。故选B。 19．A 考查名词。A.emotions情感；B.dreams梦想；C.plans计划；D.opinions意见。大量的情感向我涌来。故选A。 20．A 考查名词。A.relief安慰；B.shock震惊；C.luck幸运；D.regret遗憾。上次遇到需要救助的老人视而不见的“伤心”，和这次救助老人的“安慰”。故选A。 Ⅲ.语法填空 (2017·娄底市重点中学模拟) One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about __1__ (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, some of __2__ looked very anxious and __3__ (disappoint). When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next __4__ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike caught my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I __5__ ( hear) a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused __6__ (stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept __7__ (ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up to the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked, “__8__ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop？” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh, dear! It s __9__ (I)．” She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully. Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done, and the crowd of strangers __10__ (sudden) became friendly to one another. 答案与解析 本文讲述了“我”的一次难忘的经历。 1. being 考查短语?！癰e worried about doing”，意为“担忧做某事”，是固定用法；而且前面“about”是介词，介词后面的动词要用-ing形式，故填being。 2. whom 考查定语从句。此处是“代词＋介词＋关系代词”引导的定语从句，这里用“whom”指代前面的“people”，故填whom。 3．disappointed 考查形容词。根据前面“and”可知，前后所表达的意思相似，并且词性相同。前面是形容词，所以后面也应该用形容词，故填disappointed。 4．to 考查固定用法?！皀ext to sp.”表示在某地旁边，“next”是不及物动词，后面接地点时，应加to，故填to。 5．heard 考查一般过去时。根据全文可知，本文的故事发生在过去，所以动词应该用一般过去时，故填heard。 6．to stop 考查短语?！皉efuse to do”是固定结构，意为“拒绝做某事”，故填to stop。 7．riding 考查固定用法?！発eep doing”是固定结构，表示“保持某一状态”，故填riding。 8．Did 考查助动词。根据后面“lose”，可知动词为原型，所以前面应该是助动词Do或者Did，又因为全文以一般过去时为基本时态，故填Did。 9．mine/me 考查物主代词或人称代词?！癿ine”意为“我的”，表示我的什么东西，也可以用me表示“是我(丢的)”，故填mine/me。 10．suddenly 考查副词?！皊uddenly”用来修饰动词“became”，表示强调作用，强调是突然间的变化，故填suddenly。 Ⅳ.短文改错 (2017·湖南省衡阳市月考) I m tired and covered in dust. I ve been digging all day and I ll be doing the same tomorrow. Sound awful, doesn t it ? But I ve never had so many fun in my life. As an archaeology student, I have already knew something about the Qin Tomb and the Terracotta Warriors. Most Chinese children can tell you Qin Shihuang was the emperor first joined China together. He was a brilliant ruler, and he was also a cruel man who killed thousands of people. When he became king of the state, he immediate ordered workers to construct an underground tomb for him, which it is said to contain great treasures. But the actual entrance to the tomb has ever been found, nor has the tomb been opened. There are ancient descriptions of crossbows hiding at the tomb s entrance. It s said that if everyone steps across the entrance, the crossbows will fire. 答案 I m tired and covered in dust. I ve been digging all day and I ll be doing the same tomorrow. awful, doesn t it ? But I ve never had so fun in my life. As an archaeology student, I have already something about the Qin Tomb and the Terracotta Warriors. Most Chinese children can tell you Qin Shihuang was the emperor first joined China together. He was a brilliant ruler, he was also a cruel man who killed thousands of people. When he became king of the state, he ordered workers to construct an underground tomb for him, which is said to contain great treasures. But the actual entrance to the tomb has been found, nor has the tomb been opened. There are ancient descriptions of crossbows at the tomb s entrance. It s said that if steps across the entrance, the crossbows will fire.